‘The Son of God became The son of man so that sons of man might become sons of God
+St. Athanasius the Great

All true theology begins with The Incarnation. Behold the following pattern of 40, 41 in the very beginning of the Gospel of Matthew. We shall soon see the same pattern in the beginning of the Book of Genesis – which is the ‘Geneology (geneseos) of the Heavens and of the Earth’ [Genesis 2:4].

The Geneology in Matthew 1 from Abraham to Christ

egennese (begat), ex es egennethe (of whom was born) : 40 instances

1 The Book of The Generation of Jesus Christ, ~ Son of David, ~ Son of Abraham. 2 Abraham [begat 1] Isaac; and Isaac [begat 2] Jacob; and Jacob [begat 3] Judah and his brethren; 3 And Judah [begat 4] Phares and Zara from Thamar .. 15And Eliud [begat 36] Eleazar; and Eleazar [begat 37] Matthan; and Matthan [begat 38] Jacob; 16And Jacob [begat 39] Joseph the husband of Mary, [of whom was Born 40] Jesus, who is called Christ. – Matthew 1

Abraham (1), Isaac (2), Jacob (3), ... Jesus Christ (41) : 41 generations

1 The Book of The Generation of Jesus Christ, ~ Son of David, ~ Son of Abraham. 2 [Abraham 1] begat Isaac; and [Isaac 2] begat Jacob; and [Jacob 3] begat Judah and his brethren; 3 And [Judah 4] begat Phares and Zara from Thamar ..15And [Eliud 36] begat Eleazar; and [Eleazar 37] begat Matthan; and [Matthan 38] begat Jacob; 16And [Jacob 39] begat [Joseph 40] the husband of Mary, of whom was Born [Jesus 41], who is called Christ. – Matthew 1

Saint Augustine mentions the numbers 40 and 41 in the context of Matthew's Geneology:

"After having divided the whole into three periods of fourteen generations, he does not sum them all up and say, The sum of the whole is forty two; because one of those fathers, that is Jeconiah, is reckoned twice; so that they do not amount to forty-two, as three times fourteen does, but because one is reckoned twice over, there are only
forty one generations. Matthew therefore, whose purpose was to draw out Christ’s kingly character, counts forty successions in the genealogy exclusive of Christ." +Blessed Augustine

 

The numbers 40, 41 point to The Mystery of The Incarnation

 

Observe again the occurance of 41 in the Geneology in the Gospel of Luke. 

Geneology | Luke

tou (of) | 41 instances between Joseph and David

23And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being as was supposed son of Joseph, which was [of 1] Heli, 24Which was [of 2] Matthat, which was [of 3] Levi, which was [of 4] Melchi, which was [of 5] Janna, which was [of 6] Joseph, 25Which was [of 7] Mattathias, which was [of 8] Amos, which was [of 9] Naum, which was [of 10] Esli, which was [of 11] Nagge, 26Which was [of 12] Maath, which was [of 13] Mattathias, which was [of 14] Semei, which was [of 15] Joseph, which was [of 16] Juda, 27Which was [of 17] Joanna, which was [of 18] Rhesa, which was [of 19] Zorobabel, which was [of 20] Salathiel, which was [of 21] Neri, 28Which was [of 22] Melchi, which was [of 23] Addi, which was [of 24] Cosam, which was [of 25] Elmodam, which was [of 26] Er, 29Which was [of 27] Jose, which was [of 28] Eliezer, which was [of 29] Jorim, which was [of 30] Matthat, which was [of 31] Levi, 30Which was [of 32] Simeon, which was [of 33] Juda, which was [of 34] Joseph, which was [of 35] Jonan, which was [of 36] Eliakim, 31Which was [of 37] Melea, which was [of 38] Menan, which was [of 39] Mattatha, which was [of 40] Nathan, which was [of 41] David,

Joseph, who is called 'the son of David' is 41 generations from David. Observe here also the context of The Mystery of the Incarnation.

But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of The Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for That Which Is conceived in her is of The Holy Spirit’ – Matthew 1:20

There are
40 references to David in the Four Gospels {Matthew, Mark, Luke, John}. Note that 39 of these instances contain the name ‘David’. One instance (7) refers to David as the ‘the great king’ (Matt. 5:35)


1. The Book of The Generation of Jesus Christ, ~ Son of [David 1], ~ Son of Abraham.   Matthew 1:1

2, 3. And Jesse begat [David 2] the king; and [David 3] the king begat Solomon from her ~ of Uriah;   Matthew 1:6

4, 5. So all the generations from Abraham to [David 4] are fourteen generations; and from [David 5] until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto The Christ are fourteen generations.   Matthew 1:17

6. But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of The Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of [David 6], fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for That Which Is Conceived in her is of The Holy Spirit.   Matthew 1:20

7. Nor by the earth; for it is His footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of [the great King 7].   Matthew 5:35
The Holy Scriptures distinguish between the earthly Jerusalem and the Heavenly. The earthly Jerusalem which is referred to as the City of David is a TYPE (as in typology) of the Heavenly Jerusalem and David himself typologizes Christ Who is The Son of David.

The Great King is of course The Lord Himself - but we observe here two Typologies: [1] that between King David and Christ who is of the Seed of David who David calls Lord and is The King of kings, and [2] that of the Earthly Jerusalem which is repeatedly called the 'City of David' in the Holy Scriptures, and the Heavenly Jerusalem which is from above. '25For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. 26But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.' - Galatians 4

8. And when Jesus departed thence, two blind men followed Him, crying, and saying, Thou Son of [David 8], have mercy on us.   Matthew 9:27

9. But He said unto them, Have ye not read what [David 9] did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;   Matthew 12:3

10. And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this The Son of [David 10]?   Matthew 12:23

11. And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto Him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, Thou Son of [David 11]; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.   Matthew 15:22

12. And, behold, two blind men sitting by the way side, when they heard that Jesus passed by, cried out, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, Thou Son of [David 12].   Matthew 20:30

13. And the multitude rebuked them, because they should hold their peace: but they cried the more, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, Thou Son of [David 13].   Matthew 20:31

14. And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to The Son of [David 14]: Blessed is He that cometh in The Name of The Lord; Hosanna in The Highest.   Matthew 21:9

15. And when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that He did, and the children crying in The Temple, and saying, Hosanna to The Son of [David 15]; they were sore displeased,   Matthew 21:15

16. Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose Son is He? They say unto Him, The Son of [David 16].   Matthew 22:42

17. He saith unto them, How then doth [David 17] in Spirit call Him Lord, saying,   Matthew 22:43

18. If [David 18] then call Him Lord, how is He his Son?   Matthew 22:45

19. And He said unto them, Have ye never read what [David 19] did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?   Mark 2:25

20. And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out, and say, Jesus, Thou Son of [David 20], have mercy on me.   Mark 10:47

21. And many charged him that he should hold his peace: but he cried the more a great deal, Thou Son of [David 21], have mercy on me.   Mark 10:48

22. Blessed be The Kingdom of our father [David 22], that cometh in The Name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest.   Mark 11:10

23. And Jesus answered and said, while He taught in The Temple, How say the scribes that Christ is The Son of [David 23]?   Mark 12:35

24. For [David 24] himself said by The Holy Spirit, The Lord said to my Lord, Sit Thou on My Right, till I make Thine enemies Thy footstool.   Mark 12:36

25. [David 25] therefore Himself calleth Him Lord; and whence is He then his son? And the common people heard Him gladly.   Mark 12:37

26. To a Virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of [David 26]; and the name of The Virgin was Mary.   Luke 1:27

27. He shall be Great, and shall be called The Son of The Highest: and The Lord God shall give unto Him The Throne of His father [David 27]:   Luke 1:32

28. And hath raised up an Horn of Salvation for us in The House of His servant [David 28];   Luke 1:69

29, 30. And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of [David 29], which is called Bethlehem; because he was of the house and lineage of [David 30]:   Luke 2:4

31. For unto you is born this day in the city of [David 31] a Saviour, which is Christ The Lord.   Luke 2:11

32. Which was of Melea, which was of Menan, which was of Mattatha, which was of Nathan, which was of [David 32],   Luke 3:31

33. And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what [David 33] did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him;   Luke 6:3

34. And he cried, saying, Jesus, Son of [David 34], have mercy on me.   Luke 18:38

35. And they which went before rebuked him, that he should hold keep quiet: but he cried so much the more, Son of [David 35], have mercy on me.   Luke 18:39

36. And He said unto them, How say they that The Christ is The Son of [David 36]?   Luke 20:41

37. And [David 37] himself saith in the book of Psalms, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit Thou on My right,   Luke 20:42

38. [David 38] therefore calleth him Lord, how is He then his Son?   Luke 20:44

39, 40. Hath not The Scripture said, That Christ cometh of The Seed of [David 39], and out of the town of Bethlehem, where [David 40] was?   John 7:42

The number 33 corresponds to the age of The Lord at His Holy Passion. The Geneology in Luke continues in reverse chronology until Adam. If we were to count thus from David to Adam we would have 33 as our value:

David, Which was [of 1] Jesse, which was [of 2] Obed, which was [of 3] Booz, which was [of 4] Salmon, which was [of 5] Naasson, Which was [of 6] Aminadab, which was [of 7] Aram, which was [of 8] Esrom, which was [of 9] Phares, which was [of 10] Judah, Which was [of 11] Jacob, which was [of 12] Isaac, which was [of 13] Abraham, which was [of 14] Thara, which was [of 15] Nachor, Which was [of 16] Saruch, which was [of 17] Ragau, which was [of 18] Phalec, which was [of 19] Heber, which was [of 20] Sala, Which was [of 21] Cainan, which was [of 22] Arphaxad, which was [of 23] Shem, which was [of 24] Noah, which was [of 25] Lamech, Which was [of 26] Methuselah, which was [of 27] Enoch, which was [of 28] Jared, which was [of 29] Maleleel, which was [of 30] Cainan, Which was [of 31] Enos, which was [of 32] Seth, which was [of 33] Adam, which was of God.

Christ, ‘the Last Adam’ [1 Cor. 15:45] and Son of David is 33 years at His Passion. It is He who is the Son of God and He became incarnate as the son of man so that the race of Adam may become sons of God.

 

GENESIS ONE (Greek Septuagint)
Pattern 1 | References to God |
41

1 In the beginning [God 1] made the heaven and the earth. 2 But the earth was unsightly and unfurnished, and darkness was over the deep, and [The Spirit of God 2] moved over the water. 3 And [God 3] said, Let there be light, and there was light. 4 And [God 4] saw the light that it was good, and [God 5] divided between the light and the darkness. 5 And [God 6] called the light Day, and the darkness [He 7] called Night, and there was evening and there was morning, the first day. 6 And [God 8] said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the water, and let it be a division between water and water, and it was so. 7 And [God 9] made the firmament, and [God 10] divided between the water which was under the firmament and the water which was above the firmament. 8 And [God 11] called the firmament Heaven, and [God 12] saw that it was good, and there was evening and there was morning, the second day. 9 And [God 13] said, Let the water which is under the heaven be collected into one place, and let the dry land appear, and it was so. And the water which was under the heaven was collected into its places, and the dry land appeared. 10 And [God 14] called the dry land Earth, and the gatherings of the waters [He 15] called Seas, and [God 16] saw that it was good. 11 And [God 17] said, Let the earth bring forth the herb of grass bearing seed according to its kind and according to its likeness, and the fruit-tree bearing fruit whose seed is in it, according to its kind on the earth, and it was so. 12 And the earth brought forth the herb of grass bearing seed according to its kind and according to its likeness, and the fruit tree bearing fruit whose seed is in it, according to its kind on the earth, and [God 18] saw that it was good. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, the third day. 14 And [God 19] said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, to divide between day and night, and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and for years. 15 And let them be for light in the firmament of the heaven, so as to shine upon the earth, and it was so. 16 And [God 20] made the two great lights, the greater light for regulating the day and the lesser light for regulating the night, the stars also. 17 And [God 21] placed them in the firmament of the heaven, so as to shine upon the earth, 18 and to regulate day and night, and to divide between the light and the darkness. And [God 22] saw that it was good. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day. 20 And [God 23] said, Let the waters bring forth living (psuchon zoson) reptiles, and winged creatures flying above the earth in the firmament of heaven, and it was so. 21 And [God 24] made great whales, and every living (psuchen zoon) reptile, which the waters brought forth according to their kinds, and every creature that flies with wings according to its kind, and [God 25] saw that they were good. 22 And [God 26] blessed them saying, Increase and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let the creatures that fly be multiplied on the earth. 23 And there was evening and there was morning, the fifth day. 24 And [God 27] said, Let the earth bring forth the living soul (psuchen zosan) according to its kind, quadrupeds and reptiles and wild beasts of the earth according to their kind, and it was so. 25 And [God 28] made the wild beasts of the earth according to their kind, and cattle according to their kind, and all the reptiles of the earth according to their kind, and [God 29] saw that they were good. 26 And [God 30] said, Let [Us 31] make man according to [Our 32] image and likeness, and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the flying creatures of heaven, and over the cattle and all the earth, and over all the reptiles that creep on the earth. 27 And [God 33] made man, according to the image of [God 34] [He 35] made him, male and female [He 36] made them. 28 And [God 37] blessed them, saying, Increase and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the seas and flying creatures of heaven, and all the cattle and all the earth, and all the reptiles that creep on the earth. 29 And [God 38] said, Behold [I 39] have given to you every seed-bearing herb sowing seed which is upon all the earth, and every tree which has in itself the fruit of seed that is sown, to you it shall be for food. 30 And to all the wild beasts of the earth, and to all the flying creatures of heaven, and to every reptile creeping on the earth, which has in itself the soul of life, even every green plant for food; and it was so. 31 And [God 40] saw all the things that [He 41] had made, and, behold, they were very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.

 

Description:
This pattern enumerates all noun / pronoun references to God in Genesis One. Greek verbs are inflected by their endings and may be used without pronouns. English requires pronouns in these cases and thus this pattern becomes evident only once the Greek text is translated into English. The counts we obtain for this pattern are as follows:
God (
32), The Spirit of God (1), I (1), Us (1), Our (1), He (5) yielding a total of 41.

Notes:
There are two instances of (legon = saying) which are present participle (non-finite verbs) and rendered without the pronoun.

 

GENESIS ONE (Greek Septuagint)
Pattern 2 | Verbs | 41

1 In the beginning God [made 1] the heaven and the earth. 2 But the earth was unsightly and unfurnished, and darkness was over the deep, and The Spirit of God [moved 2] over the water. 3 And God [said 3], Let there be light, and there was light. 4 And God [saw 4] the light that it was good, and God [divided 5] between the light and the darkness. 5 And God [called 6] the light Day, and the darkness He [called 7] Night, and there was evening and there was morning, the first day. 6 And God [said 8], Let there be a firmament in the midst of the water, and let it be a division between water and water, and it was so. 7 And God [made 9] the firmament, and God [divided 10] between the water which was under the firmament and the water which was above the firmament. 8 And God [called 11] the firmament Heaven, and God [saw 12] that it was good, and there was evening and there was morning, the second day. 9 And God [said 13], Let the water which is under the heaven be collected into one place, and let the dry land appear, and it was so. And the water which was under the heaven was collected into its places, and the dry land appeared. 10 And God [called 14] the dry land Earth, and the gatherings of the waters He [called 15] Seas, and God [saw 16] that it was good. 11 And God [said 17], Let the earth bring forth the herb of grass bearing seed according to its kind and according to its likeness, and the fruit-tree bearing fruit whose seed is in it, according to its kind on the earth, and it was so. 12 And the earth brought forth the herb of grass bearing seed according to its kind and according to its likeness, and the fruit tree bearing fruit whose seed is in it, according to its kind on the earth, and God [saw 18] that it was good. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, the third day. 14 And God [said 19], Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, to divide between day and night, and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and for years. 15 And let them be for light in the firmament of the heaven, so as to shine upon the earth, and it was so. 16 And God [made 20] the two great lights, the greater light for regulating the day and the lesser light for regulating the night, the stars also. 17 And God [placed 21] them in the firmament of the heaven, so as to shine upon the earth, 18 and to regulate day and night, and to divide between the light and the darkness. And God [saw 22] that it was good. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day. 20 And God [said 23], Let the waters bring forth living (psuchon zoson) reptiles, and winged creatures flying above the earth in the firmament of heaven, and it was so. 21 And God [made 24] great whales, and every living (psuchen zoon) reptile, which the waters brought forth according to their kinds, and every creature that flies with wings according to its kind, and God [saw 25] that they were good. 22 And God [blessed 26] them [saying 27], Increase and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let the creatures that fly be multiplied on the earth. 23 And there was evening and there was morning, the fifth day. 24 And God [said 28], Let the earth bring forth the living soul (psuchen zosan)  according to its kind, quadrupeds and reptiles and wild beasts of the earth according to their kind, and it was so. 25 And God [made 29] the wild beasts of the earth according to their kind, and cattle according to their kind, and all the reptiles of the earth according to their kind, and God [saw 30] that they were good. 26 And God [said 31], Let Us [make 32] man according to Our image and likeness, and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the flying creatures of heaven, and over the cattle and all the earth, and over all the reptiles that creep on the earth. 27 And God [made 33] man, according to the image of God He [made 34] him, male and female He [made 35] them. 28 And God [blessed 36] them, [saying 37], Increase and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the seas and flying creatures of heaven, and all the cattle and all the earth, and all the reptiles that creep on the earth. 29 And God [said 38], Behold I have [given 39] to you every seed-bearing herb sowing seed which is upon all the earth, and every tree which has in itself the fruit of seed that is sown, to you it shall be for food. 30 And to all the wild beasts of the earth, and to all the flying creatures of heaven, and to every reptile creeping on the earth, which has in itself the breath of life, even every green plant for food; and it was so. 31 And God [saw 40] all the things that He had [made 41], and, behold, they were very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.

Description:
This pattern enumerates all verbs describing God’s Work in Genesis One.

Notes: The Greek word ‘psyche’ may be translated as soul / life. All living thing have psyche (life)– but only man is made in the Image of God. The souls of other living things cease to exist upon their death.

GENESIS ONE (Greek Septuagint)
Pattern 3 | Nouns | 40

1 In the beginning God made the [heaven 1] and the [earth 2]. 2 But the [earth 2] was unsightly and unfurnished, and [darkness 3] was over the [abyss 4], and the Spirit of God moved over the [water 5]. 3 And God said, Let there be [light 6], and there was [light 6]. 4 And God saw the [light 6] that it was good, and God divided between the [light 6] and the [darkness 3]. 5 And God called the [light 6] [Day 7], and the [darkness 3] he called [Night 8], and there was [evening 9] and there was [morning 10], one [day 7]. 6 And God said, Let there be a [firmament 11] in the midst of the [water 5], and let it be a division between [water 5] and [water 5], and it was so. 7 And God made the [firmament 11], and God divided between the [water 5] which was under the [firmament 11] and the [water 5] which was above the [firmament 11]. 8 And God called the [firmament 11] [Heaven 1], and God saw that it was good, and there was [evening 9] and there was [morning 10], the second [day 7]. 9 And God said, Let the [water 5] which is under the [heaven 1] be collected into one place, and let the [dry-land 12] appear, and it was so. And the [water 5] which was under the [heaven 1] was collected into its places, and the [dry-land 12] appeared. 10 And God called the [dry-land 12] [earth 2], and the gatherings of the [waters 5] he called [Seas 13], and God saw that it was good. 11 And God said, Let the [earth 2] bring forth the [herb 14] of [grass 15] bearing [seed 16] according to its [kind 17] and according to its [likeness 18], and the fruit tree [tree 19] [fruit 20] bearing [fruit 20] whose [seed 16] is in it, according to its [kind 17] on the [earth 2], and it was so. 12 And the [earth 2] brought forth the [herb 14] of [grass 15] bearing [seed 16] according to its [kind 17] and according to its [likeness 18], and the [fruit 20] [tree 19] bearing [fruit 20] whose [seed 16] is in it, according to its [kind 17] on the [earth 2], and God saw that it was good. 13 And there was [evening 9] and there was [morning 10], the third [day 7]. 14 And God said, Let there be [lights 21] in the [firmament 11] of the [heaven 1] to give [light 6] upon the [earth 2], to divide between [day 7] and [night 8], and let them be for [signs 22] and for [seasons 23] and for [days 7] and for [years 24]. 15 And let them be for [light 6] in the [firmament 11] of the [heaven 1], so as to shine upon the [earth 2], and it was so. 16 And God made the two great [lights 21], the greater [light 21] for regulating the [day 7] and the lesser [light 21] for regulating the [night 8], the [stars 25] also. 17 And God placed them in the [firmament 11] of the [heaven 1], so as to shine upon the [earth 2], 18 and to regulate [day 7] and [night 8], and to divide between the [light 6] and the [darkness 3]. And God saw that it was good. 19 And there was [evening 9] and there was [morning 10], the fourth [day 7]. 20 And God said, Let the [waters 5] bring forth [reptiles 26] { living [psuchon = of soul/life 27] [zoson = of life 28] }, and [birds 29] flying above the [earth 2] in the [firmament 11] of [heaven 1], and it was so. 21 And God made great [whales 30], and every { living [psuchen 27] [zoon 28] } [reptile 26], which the [waters 5] brought forth according to their [kinds 17], and every flying [birds 29] according to its [kind 17], and God saw that they were good. 22 And God blessed them saying, Increase and multiply and fill the [waters 5] in the [seas 13], and let the flying [birds 29] be multiplied on the [earth 2]. 23 And there was [evening 9] and there was [morning 10], the fifth [day 7]. 24 And God said, Let the [earth 2] bring forth the { living [psuchen 27] [zosan 28] } according to its [kind 17], [quadrupeds 31] and [reptiles 26] and [wild-beasts 32] of the [earth 2] according to their [kind 17], and it was so. 25 And God made the [wild-beasts 32] of the [earth 2] according to their [kind 17], and [cattle 33] according to their [kind 17], and all the [reptiles 26] of the [earth 2] according to their [kind 17], and God saw that they were good. 26 And God said, Let us make [man 34] according to our [image 35] and [likeness 18], and let them have [dominion 36] over the [fish 37] of the sea, and over the [birds 29] of [heaven 1], and over the [cattle 33] and all the [earth 2], and over all the [reptiles 26] that creep on the [earth 2]. 27 And God made [man 34], according to the [image 35] of God he made him, [male 38] and [female 39] he made them. 28 And God blessed them, saying, Increase and multiply, and fill the [earth 2] and subdue it, and have [dominion 36] over the [fish 37] of the [seas 13] and [birds 29] of [heaven 1], and all the [cattle 33] and all the [earth 2], and all the [reptiles 26] that creep on the [earth 2]. 29 And God said, Behold I have given to you every sown [grass 14] bearing [seed 16] which is upon all the [earth 2], and every [tree 19] which has in itself the [fruit 20] of [seed 16] that is sown, to you it shall be for [food 40]. 30 And to all the [wild-beasts 32] of the [earth 2], and to all the [birds 29] of [heaven 1], and to every [reptile 26] creeping on the [earth 2], which has in itself [soul (psuchen) 28] of [life (zoes) 27], even every green [grass 15] for [food 40]; and it was so. 31 And God saw all the things that he had made, and, behold, they were very good. And there was [evening 9] and there was [morning 10], the sixth [day 7].

 

1. heaven 2. earth 3. darkness 4. abyss 5. waters 6. light 7. day 8. night
9. evening 10. morning 11. firmament 12. dry-land 13. seas 14. herb 15. grass 16. seed
17. kind 18. likeness 19. tree 20. fruit 21. lights 22. signs 23. seasons 24. years
25. stars 26. reptiles 27. life 28. soul-life 29. birds 30. whales 31. quadrupeds 32. wild-beasts
33. cattle 34. man 35. image 36. dominion 37. fish 38. male 39. female 40. food

If we were to add the noun THEOS (God), this would yield 41 as our final count. Thus in Genesis One, we have three patterns of value forty-one (41), corresponding to the 3 sets of fourteen (14) mentioned in Matthew One (note the inversion of the digits) .

Below is the English Transliteration of the Greek text.

Genesis One (Septuagint)
1 en arche epoiesen o theos ton [ouranon
heaven 1] kai ten [gen earth 2]. 2 e de [ge earth 2] en aoratos kai akataskeuastos kai [skotos darkness 3] epano tes [abussou abyss 4] kai pneuma theou epephereto epano tou [udatos water 5]. 3 kai eipen o theos genetheto [phos light 6] kai egeneto [phos light 6]. 4 kai eiden o theos to [phos light 6] oti kalon kai diechorisen o theos ana meson tou [photos light 6] kai ana meson tou [skotous darkness 3]. 5 kai ekalesen o theos to [phos light 6] [emeran Day 7] kai to [skotos darkness 3] ekalesen [nukta Night 8] kai egeneto [espera evening 9] kai egeneto [proi morning 10] [emera day 7] mia. 6 kai eipen o theos genetheto [stereoma firmament 11] en meso tou [udatos water 5] kai esto diachorizon ana meson [udatos water 5] kai [udatos water 5] kai egeneto outos. 7 kai epoiesen o theos to [stereoma  firmament 11] kai diechorisen o theos ana meson tou [udatos water 5] o en upokato tou [stereomatos firmament 11] kai ana meson tou [udatos water 5] tou epano tou [stereomatos firmament 11]. 8 kai ekalesen o theos to [stereoma firmament 11] [ouranon Heaven 1] kai eiden o theos oti kalon kai egeneto [espera evening 9] kai egeneto [proi morning 10] [emera day 7] deutera. 9 kai eipen o theos sunachtheto to [udor water 5] to upokato tou [ouranou heaven 1] eis sunagogen mian kai ophtheto e [xera dry-land 12] kai egeneto outos kai sunechthe to [udor water 5] to upokato tou [ouranou heaven 1] eis tas sunagogas auton kai ophthe e [xera dry-land 12]. 10 kai ekalesen o theos ten [xeran dry-land 12] [gen earth 2] kai ta sustemata ton [udaton waters 5] ekalesen [thalassas Seas 13] kai eiden o theos oti kalon. 11 kai eipen o theos blastesato e [ge earth 2] [botanen herb 14] [chortou grass 15] speiron [sperma seed 16] kata [genos kind 17] kai kath [omoioteta likeness 18] kai [xulon tree 19] [karpimon fruit-bearing 20] poioun [karpon fruit 20] ou to [sperma seed 16] autou en auto kata [genos kind 17] epi tes [ges earth 2] kai egeneto outos. 12 kai exenegken e [ge earth 2] [botanen herb 14] [chortou grass 15] speiron [sperma seed 16] kata [genos kind 17] kai kath [omoioteta likeness 18] kai [xulon tree 19] [karpimon fruit- bearing 20] poioun [karpon fruit 20] ou to [sperma seed 16] autou en auto kata [genos kind 17] epi tes [ges earth 2] kai eiden o theos oti kalon. 13 kai egeneto [espera evening 9] kai egeneto [proi morning 10] [emera day 7] trite. 14 kai eipen o theos genethetosan [phosteres lights 21] en to [stereomati firmament 11] tou [ouranou heaven 1] eis [phausin light 6] tes [ges earth 2] tou diachorizein ana meson tes [emeras day 7] kai ana meson tes [nuktos night 8] kai estosan eis [semeia signs 22] kai eis [kairous seasons 23] kai eis [emeras days 7] kai eis [eniautous years 24]. 15 kai estosan eis [phausin light 6] en to [stereomati firmament 11] tou [ouranou heaven 1] oste phainein epi tes [ges earth 2] kai egeneto outos. 16 kai epoiesen o theos tous duo [phosteras lights 21] tous megalous ton [phostera light 21] ton megan eis archas tes [emeras day 7] kai ton [phostera light 21] ton elasso eis archas tes [nuktos night 8] kai tous [asteras stars 25]. 17 kai etheto autous o theos en to [stereomati firmament 11] tou [ouranou heaven 1] oste phainein epi tes [ges earth 2]. 18 kai archein tes [emeras day 7] kai tes [nuktos night 8] kai diachorizein ana meson tou [photos light 6] kai ana meson tou [skotous darkness 3] kai eiden o theos oti kalon. 19 kai egeneto [espera evening 9] kai egeneto [proi morning 10] [emera day 7] tetarte. 20 kai eipen o theos exagageto ta [udata waters 5] [erpeta reptiles 26] [psuchon of soul/life 27] [zoson of life 28] kai [peteina birds 29] petomena epi tes [ges earth 2] kata to [stereoma firmament 11] tou [ouranou heaven 1] kai egeneto outos. 21 kai epoiesen o theos ta [kete whales 30] ta megala kai pasan [psuchen soul/life 27] [zoon having life 28] [erpeton reptile 26] a exegagen ta [udata waters 5] kata [gene kinds 17] auton kai pan [peteinon birds 29] pteroton kata [genos kind 17] kai eiden o theos oti kala, 22 kai eulogesen auta o theos legon auxanesthe kai plethunesthe kai plerosate ta [udata waters 5] en tais [thalassais seas 13] kai ta [peteina birds 29] plethunesthosan epi tes [ges earth 2] 23 kai egeneto [espera evening 9] kai egeneto [proi morning 10] [emera day 7] pempte 24 kai eipen o theos exagageto e [ge earth 2] [psuchen soul/life 27] [zosan having life 28] kata [genos kind 17] [tetrapoda quadrupeds 31] kai [erpeta reptiles 26] kai [theria wild-beasts 32] tes [ges earth 2] kata [genos kind 17] kai egeneto outos 25 kai epoiesen o theos ta [theria wild-beasts 32] tes [ges earth 2] kata [genos kind 17] kai ta [ktene cattle 33] kata [genos kind 17] kai panta ta [erpeta reptiles 26] tes [ges earth 2] kata [genos kind 17] auton kai eiden o theos oti kala. 26 kai eipen o theos poiesomen [anthropon man 34] kat [eikona image 35] emeteran kai kath [omoiosin likeness 18] kai [archetosan dominion 36] ton [ichthuon fish 37] tes [thalasses seas 13] kai ton [peteinon birds 29] tou [ouranou heaven 1] kai ton [ktenon 33] kai pases tes [ges earth 2] kai panton ton [erpeton reptiles 26] ton erponton epi tes [ges earth 2]. 27 kai epoiesen o theos ton [anthropon man 34] kat [eikona image 35] theou epoiesen auton [arsen male 38] kai [thelu female 39] epoiesen autous. 28 kai eulogesen autous o theos legon auxanesthe kai plethunesthe kai plerosate ten [gen earth 2] kai katakurieusate autes kai [archete dominion 36] ton [ichthuon fish 37] tes [thalasses seas 13] kai ton [peteinon birds 29] tou [ouranou heaven 1] kai panton ton [ktenon cattle 33] kai pases tes [ges earth 2] kai panton ton [erpeton reptiles 26] ton erponton epi tes [ges earth 2]. 29 kai eipen o theos idou dedoka umin pan [chorton grass 15] sporimon speiron [sperma seed 16] o estin epano pases tes [ges earth 2] kai pan [xulon tree 19] o echei en eauto [karpon fruit 20] [spermatos seed 16] sporimou umin estai eis [brosin food 40]. 30 kai pasi tois [theriois wild-beasts 32] tes [ges earth 2] kai pasi tois [peteinois birds 29] tou [ouranou heaven 1] kai panti [erpeto reptile 26] to erponti epi tes [ges earth 2] o echei en eauto [psuchen soul/life 28] [zoes of life 27] panta [chorton grass 15] chloron eis [brosin food 40] kai egeneto outos. 31 kai eiden o theos ta panta osa epoiesen kai idou kala lian kai egeneto [espera evening 9] kai egeneto [proi morning 10] [emera day 7] ekte

GENESIS ONE (Greek Septuagint)
Pattern 4 | Hexemaron: The Six Days of Creation |
40

1st Day: {Heaven, Earth, Light, Day, Night}

In the beginning God made the [heaven 1] and the [earth 2]. 2 But the [earth 3] was unsightly and unfurnished, and darkness was over the deep, and The Spirit of God moved over the water. 3 And God said, Let there be [light 4], and there was [light 5]. 4 And God saw the [light 6] that it was good, and God divided between the [light 7] and the darkness. 5 And God called the [light Day 8], and the darkness He called [Night 9] , and there was evening and there was morning, one [day 10].

2nd Day : {Firmament}

6 And God said, Let there be a [firmament 11] in the midst of the water, and let it be a division between water and water, and it was so. 7 And God made the [firmament 12], and God divided between the water which was under the [firmament 13] and the water which was above the [firmament 14]. 8 And God called the [firmament Heaven 15], and God saw that it was good, and there was evening and there was morning, the second day.

3rd Day : {Dry Land, Seas, Fruit-tree, herb of grass}

9 And God said, Let the water which is under the heaven be collected into one place, and let the [dry-land 16] appear, and it was so. And the water which was under the heaven was collected into its places, and the [dry-land 17] appeared. 10 And God called the [dry-land Earth 18], and the gatherings of the waters He called [Seas 19], and God saw that it was good. 11 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the [herb of grass 20] bearing seed according to its kind and according to its likeness, and the [fruit tree 21] bearing fruit whose seed is in it, according to its kind on the earth, and it was so. 12 And the earth brought forth the [herb of grass 22] bearing seed according to its kind and according to its likeness, and the [fruit tree 23] bearing fruit whose seed is in it, according to its kind on the earth, and God saw that it was good. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, the third day.

4th Day : {lights, greater light, lesser lights, stars}

14 And God said, Let there be [lights 24] in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, to divide between day and night, and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and for years. 15 And let them be for light in the firmament of the heaven, so as to shine upon the earth, and it was so. 16 And God made the [two great lights 25], the [greater light 26] for regulating the day and the [lesser light 27] for regulating the night, the [stars 28] also. 17 And God placed them in the firmament of the heaven, so as to shine upon the earth, 18 and to regulate day and night, and to divide between the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day.

5th Day : {reptiles, birds, great whales }

20 And God said, Let the waters bring forth living (psuchon zoson) [reptiles 29], and [birds 30] flying above the earth in the firmament of heaven, and it was so. 21 And God made [great whales 31], and every living (psuchen zoon) [reptile 32], which the waters brought forth according to their kinds, and every [bird 33] according to its kind, and God saw that they were good. 22 And God blessed them saying, Increase and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let [birds 34] be multiplied on the earth. 23 And there was evening and there was morning, the fifth day.

 

6th Day : {quadrupeds, reptiles, wild beasts, cattle}

24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living soul (psuchen zosan)  according to its kind, [quadrupeds 35] and [reptiles 36] and [wild-beasts 37] of the earth according to their kind, and it was so. 25 And God made the [wild-beasts 38] of the earth according to their kind, and [cattle 39] according to their kind, and all the [reptiles 40] of the earth according to their kind, and God saw that they were good.

Man is made in the Image of God and given dominion over creation.

26 And God said, Let Us make man according to Our image and likeness, and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the flying creatures of heaven, and over the cattle and all the earth, and over all the reptiles that creep on the earth. 27 And God made man, according to the image of God He made him, male and female He made them. 28 And God blessed them, saying, Increase and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the seas and flying creatures of heaven, and all the cattle and all the earth, and all the reptiles that creep on the earth. 29 And God said, Behold I have given to you every seed-bearing herb sowing seed which is upon all the earth, and every tree which has in itself the fruit of seed that is sown, to you it shall be for food. 30 And to all the wild beasts of the earth, and to all the flying creatures of heaven, and to every reptile creeping on the earth, which has in itself the breath of life, even every green plant for food; and it was so. 31 And God saw all the things that He had made, and, behold, they were very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.

 

Description: For each of the six days, we enumerate all references to that particular day’s creation. The following counts are obtained for each day:
Day 1 : {Heaven, Earth, Light, Day, Night} : 10
Day 2: {Firmament} : 5
Day 3: {Dry Land, Seas, Fruit-tree, herb of grass} 8
Day 4: {lights, greater light, lesser lights, stars} : 5
Day 5: {reptiles, birds, great whales} : 6
Day 6: {quadrupeds, reptiles, wild beasts, cattle} : 6

We have stopped before the creation of man having arrived at the value of 40. Next we will consider the creation of man. The next pattern enumerates the words God (THEOS) and Lord (KYRIOS) in the context of the creation of, and in relation to, man.

 

GENESIS ONE, TWO, THREE (Greek Septuagint)
Pattern 5 | God ‘THEOS’ / Lord ‘KYRIOS’ |
40
The Creation of Man

Genesis 1: 26 And [God 1] said, Let Us make man according to Our image and likeness, and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the flying creatures of heaven, and over the cattle and all the earth, and over all the reptiles that creep on the earth. 27 And [God 2] made man, according to the image of [God 3] he made him, male and female he made them. 28 And [God 4] blessed them, saying, Increase and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the seas and flying creatures of heaven, and all the cattle and all the earth, and all the reptiles that creep on the earth. 29 And [God 5] said, Behold I have given to you every seed-bearing herb sowing seed which is upon all the earth, and every tree which has in itself the fruit of seed that is sown, to you it shall be for food. 30 And to all the wild beasts of the earth, and to all the flying creatures of heaven, and to every reptile creeping on the earth, which has in itself the breath of life, even every green plant for food; and it was so. 31 And [God 6] saw all the things that he had made, and, behold, they were very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.

Genesis 2: And the heavens and the earth were finished, and the whole world of them. 2 And [God 7] finished on the sixth day his works which he made, and he ceased on the seventh day from all his works which He made. 3 And [God 8] blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it he ceased from all his works which [God 9] began to do. 4 This is the book of the generation of heaven and earth, when they were made, in the day in which the [Lord e1/5] [God e2/5] made the heaven and the earth, 5 and every herb of the field before it was on the earth, and all the grass of the field before it sprang up, for [God e3/5] had not rained on the earth, and there was not a man to cultivate it. 6 But there rose a fountain out of the earth, and watered the whole face of the earth. 7 And [God 10] formed the man of dust of the earth, and breathed upon his face the breath of life, and the man became a living soul. 8 And [God 11] planted a garden eastward in Edem, and placed there the man whom he had formed. 9 And [God 12] made to spring up also out of the earth every tree beautiful to the eye and good for food, and the tree of life in the midst of the garden, and the tree of learning the knowledge of good and evil. 10 And a river proceeds out of Edem to water the garden, thence it divides itself into four heads. 11 The name of the one, Phisom, this it is which encircles the whole land of Evilat, where there is gold. 12 And the gold of that land is good, there also is carbuncle and emerald. 13 And the name of the second river is Geon, this it is which encircles the whole land of Ethiopia. 14 And the third river is Tigris, this is that which flows forth over against the Assyrians. And the fourth river is Euphrates. 15 And the [Lord 13] [God 14] took the man whom he had formed, and placed him in the garden of Delight, to cultivate and keep it. 16 And the [Lord 15] [God 16] gave a charge to Adam, saying, Of every tree which is in the garden thou mayest freely eat, 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil-- of it ye shall not eat, but in whatsoever day ye eat of it, ye shall surely die. 18 And the [Lord 17] [God 18] said, It is not good that the man should be alone, let us make for him a help suitable to him. 19 And [God 19] formed yet farther out of the earth all the wild beasts of the field, and all the birds of the sky, and he brought them to Adam, to see what he would call them, and whatever Adam called any living creature, that was the name of it. 20 And Adam gave names to all the cattle and to all the birds of the sky, and to all the wild beasts of the field, but for Adam there was not found a help like to himself. 21 And [God 20] brought a trance upon Adam, and he slept, and he took one of his ribs, and filled up the flesh instead thereof. 22 And [God 21] formed the rib which he took from Adam into a woman, and brought her to Adam. 23 And Adam said, This now is bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called woman, because she was taken out of her husband. 24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother and shall cleave to his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. 25 And the two were naked, both Adam and his wife, and were not ashamed.

Genesis 3: 1 Now the serpent was the most crafty of all the brutes on the earth, which the [Lord 22] [God 23] made, and the serpent said to the woman, Wherefore has [God e4/5] said, Eat not of every tree of the garden? 2 And the woman said to the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden, 3 but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, [God 24] said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. 4 And the serpent said to the woman, Ye shall not surely die. 5 For [God e5/5] knew that in whatever day ye should eat of it your eyes would be opened, and ye would be as gods, knowing good and evil. 6 And the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes to look upon and beautiful to contemplate, and having taken of its fruit she ate, and she gave to her husband also with her, and they ate. 7 And the eyes of both were opened, and they perceived that they were naked, and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons to go round them. 8 And they heard the voice of the [Lord 25] [God 26] walking in the garden in the afternoon; and both Adam and his wife hid themselves from the face of the [Lord 27] [God 28] in the midst of the trees of the garden. 9 And the [Lord 29] [God 30] called Adam and said to him, Adam, where art thou? 10 And he said to him, I heard thy voice as thou walkedst in the garden, and I feared because I was naked and I hid myself. 11 And [God 31] said to him, Who told thee that thou wast naked, unless thou hast eaten of the tree concerning which I charged thee of it alone not to eat? 12 And Adam said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me-- she gave me of the tree and I ate. 13 And the [Lord 32] [God 33] said to the woman, Why hast thou done this? And the woman said, The serpent deceived me and I ate. 14 And the [Lord 34] [God 35] said to the serpent, Because thou hast done this thou art cursed above all cattle and all the brutes of the earth, on thy breast and belly thou shalt go, and thou shalt eat earth all the days of thy life. 15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman and between thy seed and her seed, he shall watch against thy head, and thou shalt watch against his heel. 16 And to the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy pains and thy groanings; in pain thou shalt bring forth children, and thy submission shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee. 17 And to Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened to the voice of thy wife, and eaten of the tree concerning which I charged thee of it only not to eat-- of that thou hast eaten, cursed is the ground in thy labours, in pain shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life. 18 Thorns and thistles shall it bring forth to thee, and thou shalt eat the herb of the field. 19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat thy bread until thou return to the earth out of which thou wast taken, for earth thou art and to earth thou shalt return. 20 And Adam called the name of his wife Life, because she was the mother of all living. 21 And the [Lord 36] [God 37] made for Adam and his wife garments of skin, and clothed them. 22 And [God 38] said, Behold, Adam is become as one of Us, to know good and evil, and now lest at any time he stretch forth his hand, and take of the tree of life and eat, and so he shall live forever-- 23 So the [Lord 39] [God 40] sent him forth out of the garden of Delight to cultivate the ground out of which he was taken. 24 And He cast out Adam and caused him to dwell over against the garden of Delight, and stationed the cherubs and the fiery sword that turns about to keep the way of the tree of life.

Description: We are counting instances of ‘God’ (THEOS) and ‘Lord’ (KYRIOS) in the context of man being created and placed in paradise (Genesis 1 through 3). We begin with Genesis 1:26 where man’s creation is first mentioned and continue until man’s explusion from Paradise (last verse of Genesis 3). We exclude Genesis 2 verse 4, 5 which specifically refer to before the Creation of man. We exclude also the sepent’s slander of God Genesis 3 verse 1, 5.

Exclusions:
e1, e2, e3 | These refer to prior to the Creation of man.
This is the book of the generation of heaven and earth, when they were made, in the day in which the [
Lord e1] [God e2] made the heaven and the earth, 5 and every herb of the field before it was on the earth, and all the grass of the field before it sprang up, for [God e3] had not rained on the earth, and there was not a man to cultivate it. 6 But there rose a fountain out of the earth, and watered the whole face of the earth. – Genesis 2: 4-6

e4, e5 | The lie of the serpent.
Wherefore has [
God e4] said, Eat not of every tree of the garden? – Genesis 3:1
And the serpent said to the woman, Ye shall not surely die. 5 For [
God e5] knew that in whatever day ye should eat of it your eyes would be opened, and ye would be as gods, knowing good and evil. – Genesis 3: 4,5

‘To whom also He shewed Himself alive after His Passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to The Kingdom of God’ – Acts. 1:3

What we have seen so far are just a few examples of a general pattern in the Holy Scriptures which demonstrates their Divine Inspiration. The purpose of this book is to explain this pattern (see thesis) and to present various examples of this pattern. The pattern involves the number 40, and by extension 41. For example, the Genealogy in Matthew begins with Abraham and ends with Christ. From Abraham to Joseph (to whom is betrothed Mary) is 40 generations, and from Abraham to Christ is 41 generations. The number pair {40, 41} point to The Mystery of The Incarnation : there are 40 calendar weeks from the Annunciation to the Nativity of the Lord. If Annunciation occurs on a Friday or Saturday then there are 41 calendar weeks.

We can see this pattern of 40, 41 in the very beginning of Genesis (Chapter 1) as follows:
 *
41 references to God (Pattern 1)
 * 41 verbs describing the Works of God in Creation (Pattern 2)
 *
40 nouns : total nouns describing the Created Cosmos (Pattern 3)
 *
40 nouns : the enumerations of each day’s creation from the first day to the sixth day prior to man being made in God’s Image and Likeness (Pattern 4)

In addition, in Genesis 1 – 3:
*
40 instances of ‘God’ / ‘Lord’ in the context of man’s creation; these begin with man’s creation towards the end of Chapter 1, and continue in Chapters 2 and 3 which describe him being placed in Paradise, and his expulsion from Paradise. (Pattern 4)
 
The first four examples above are simple cases of the pattern of 40 and 41 confined to single chapter, and thus easy to verify by a manual count. The majority of the proofs in this book consist of examples whose scope ranges over multiple books and requires a computer for searching. The patterns (proofs) demonstrate both the Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures as well as the Dogmas of the Christian Faith. For example a number of proofs concern the Deity of Christ, three of which are the following:
 * There are
40 instances where God speaks the words ‘EGO EIMI’ (I AM) in the New Testament Scriptures.
 * There are
40 instances where the Greek word for worship ‘proskuneo’ refers to God.
 * Four patterns referring to the Greek word for name (onama) in the context of The Name of God where the value of the pattern equal
40 or 41.

This pattern of 40 and 41 permeates the Holy Scriptures and serves as a numerical watermark demonstrating their Divine Inspiration. The present volume of this book contains the first 33 examples of this pattern. Future editions of this book will expand on these and provide additional examples. The book is divided into three sections:
 * The Thesis which explains the pattern of 40, 41
 * The Proofs which lists examples of the pattern and their brief explanations.
 * The New Testament Holy Scriptures with the patterns marked inline. This allows the reader to validate the pattern for himself from the text directly.

The text used follows closely the King James Version but with corrections made at places to conform to the Greek Text of the Orthodox Church (Patriarchal Text 1904). This is a work in progress and only a small number of corrections have been made so far. For easy comparison any deltas from the KJV are identified in
blue font and changes in word order are identified by {enclosing them within curly brackets like this}. Patterns are given in red font and if the pattern should also contain a delta from the KJV then it is underlined red font.

 

Thesis
(a) The number pair {7, 8} points to the Resurrection of The Lord (PASCHA)
(b) The number pair {40, 41} points to the Mystery of the Incarnation (ANNUNCIATION, NATIVITY)

The delta of these pairs {7, 8} and {40,41} is 33 which corresponds to the number of years from Nativity to Pascha.

Prophesy, Typology, Patterns – All three attest to the Divine Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures. This book is concerned with the last of these three – patterns. In particular we are concerned with a pattern involving the numbers 40 and 41 which is interwoven into the Holy Scriptures in a most intricate and beautiful way. This pattern repeats throughout the Holy Scriptures and demonstrates their Inspiration. All three of these {prophesy, typology, patterns} are interrelated and overlap in ways: for example typologies are prefigurements in the Old Testament (the type) which correspond to its fulfillment (the anti-type) in the New Testament and thus are prophetic. Typologies can also have a complex patterned structure - as in the case of the typology of the Theotokos and the Ark which comprises of numerous parallels. See Appendix.

Language (text), Mathematics (numbers), Patterns – The Holy Scriptures abounds with the mystical interrelation of these three. The text we will use to identify patterns is the Greek Holy Scriptures, and in particular the 1904 Patriarchal Text of the Orthodox Church.

A pattern is essentially a repetition.

The text of the Holy Scriptures begins with repetitions – thus we see in Genesis One several phrases which repeat multiple times :
 * ‘And God said, let.. ’ (kai eipen o theos) = 9 instances
 * ‘And God saw.. that it was good / very good’  (kai eiden o theos.. oti kalon / kala lian) = 8 instances (Septuagint)
 * ‘And it was so’  (kai egeneto outos) = 7 instances
 * ‘God made’ (epoiesen o theos) = 6 instances
 * ‘And there was evening and there was morning’ (kai egeneto espera kai egeneto proi) = 6 instances
 * ‘According to its kind / their kind’ (kata genos / gene) = 11 instances

As in Genesis 1, there is a high density of repetition in Matthew 1 in the form:
A begat B, B begat C, C begat D, .. etc.
(begat / gave birth to = egennese / egennethe) :
40 instances in Matthew Chapter One.
Matthew’s geneology enumerates the names from Abraham (1)  to Christ (
41)

The repeating structure occurs throughout the Holy Scriptures from Genesis to the Apocalypse. Sometimes it occurs in a less obvious form as in Genesis 2 where the creation of man is recounted a second time giving additional detail. Thus Deuteronomy recounts a second time the events of the Exodus - the name of the book refers to the number two (deutero) on account of its second retelling of the events. Chronicles contains repetition of many of the events of the books from Genesis to Kings. The repetition can be even more subtle and hidden for example of Genesis 1 Heaven and Earth are created on Day 1 but these words ‘Heaven’ and ‘Earth’ are again mentioned in Creation as follows:
 * the firmament created on Day 2 and God calls the firmament ‘Heaven’
 * the waters are separated from dry land on Day 3 and God calls the dry land ‘Earth’.

Geneologies are repeated in multiple places in both the Old Testament (Genesis 1, 1 Chronicles 1, Luke 3) and New Testament (Matthew 1, Luke 3). Important events such as the flood and exodus are recounted multiple times through out the Holy Scriptures. Certain Psalms contain repetition : ‘For His Mercy endures forever’, ‘Praise ye The Lord’, etc – and this points to the Liturgical character of repetition which is their very essence. This is most associated with KYRIE ELEISON ‘Lord Have Mercy’ which is repeated in sets of 3, 12, and 40. The threefold repetition ‘Holy, Holy, Holy’ (Isaiah 6:3, Apocalypse 4:8) refers to the Worship of the Triune God. The Trisagion (Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal) is repeated three times because each of the three titles applies to the Three Persons of the Holy Trinity. The Liturgical word Amin when spoken by Christ is twice repeated in the Gospel of John ‘Amin, Amin, I say unto ye... The Seven Days of Creation is instantiated as repeating cycles (weeks) after the fall. Genesis 1 refers to the repetition of the evening / morning cycles as well as that of the cycle of the sun and moon.

The most mystical of the repetitions in the Holy Scriptures are the Gospels themselves {Matthew, Mark, Luke, John} each of which recount the earthly ministry of Christ, His Holy Passion, Death, and Resurrection. The structure of repetition is very markedly observed in the Apocalypse where the repetition occurs several times in sets of seven. The seven-ness of the Apocalypse reminds us of the Seven Days of Genesis and well so, for the Apocalypse symmetrically corresponds to Genesis in Eschatology. In Orthodox Mystagogy the Age of the Resurrection is considered the Eighth Day of Creation where there is new heaven and new earth to replace the heaven and earth created on the first day.

Mathematics.
Since patterns are repetitions, they readily allow for enumeration and by extension counting. Thus patterns are intrinsically related to numbers (mathematics). We first encounter numbers (the integers) in the very beginning of Genesis. The integers are enumerated in Genesis One following the repeating phrase ‘And there was morning, and there was evening’.

Thus we see the very first mention of numbers in a context which is
 * connected to repetition and enumeration and
 * in the context of time

The number 40 especially corresponds to periods of time in the Holy Scriptures: 40 days and 40 years. It occurs in this context in both the New and Old Testament Scriptures. In between these two durations {40 days / 40 years} is
40 weeks which correspond to the number of calendar weeks from the Annunciation to the Nativity of The Lord. If Annunciation happens on Friday, Saturday then there are 41 calendar weeks. The number pair 7, 8 also corresponds to time. The Seven Day week in Genesis corresponds to Holy Week and the number Eight corresdponds to Pascha. The numbers {7, 8} correspond thus to Holy Saturday and Resurrection Sunday respectively – and both numbers thus correspond to the Resurrection. Holy Saturday is referred to as “the First Resurrection” in Orthodox Hymnography on account of The Lord’s descend to Hades, and the Icon of the Resurrection depicts the Holy Saturday.

 

The number 40 in the Holy Scriptures.
Some of the occurances of the number 40 in the Holy Scriptures are as follows:
40 days and 40 nights of rain : The Flood (image of Holy Baptism) - Genesis 7:4
40 days after the tops of the mountains were seen, Noah opens the window of the ark and sends forth a raven. - Gen. 8:6
40 years : age of Issac when he took Rebekah to wife – Gen 25:20
40 years old when Moses visits his brethren (Acts 7:23)
40 years Moses spends as a shepherd when God appears to him at Mount Sinai (Acts 7:30)
40 years were the Israelites in the wilderness and were led by Moses
40 days and 40 nights Moses spent on Mount Sinai prior where he received the law (Exodus 24:18)
40 days and 40 nights Moses spent on Mount Sinai a second time (Exodus 34:28)
40 days were the time the Israelites sent by Moses searched the land of Canaan.
40 years – Othniel judged Israel righteously and the land had rest 40 years (Judges 3:11)
40 years – Deborah judged Israel righteously and the land had rest 40 years (Judges 5: 31)
40 years – Gideon judged Israel righteously and the land had rest 40 years (Judges 8:28)
40 years – The Israelites were delivered into the hands of the Philistines 40 years (Judges 13:1)
40 years – Eli Judged Israel 40 years (1 Samuel 4:18)
40 days – Goliath presented himself against the Israelites for 40 days
40 years is the length of King David's reign (7 in Hebron + 33 in Jerusalem)
note: this partition of 40 as 7 + 33
40 years is the length of King Solomon's reign
40 years is the length of the reign of King Saul.
40 days were the Ninevites given to repent (Prophet Jonah)
40 lashes : the upper bound on how many stripes may be given under the Mosaic Law as punishment
40 days where The Lord fasts in the wilderness following His Baptism.
40 days where The Lord teaches the Apostles after His Resurrection before His Ascension (Acts 1:3)
The Apostle Paul receives 40 lashes less one (39 lashes) from the Jews

 

The pair {40, 41}
Although the number 41 is not prominent in the Holy Scriptures, the patterns in this book involve both numbers 40, 41. The pair {40, 41} points to the Mystery of the Incarnation
There are
40 calendar weeks from the Great Feast of the Annunciaton to the Nativity of The Lord. If Annunciation happens on a Friday or Saturday, then there are 41 calendar weeks.


 

Thesis
Finally, we summarize and repeat the above once more, before giving a second form:

{7, 8} The Resurrection (PASCHA) : The Greatest Feast of the Holy Orthodox Church
{40, 41}
The Mystery of The Incarnation: The Greatest Mystery of all Creation

If we take the delta of the pairs:

{7, 8} delta {40, 41} = 33

which corresponds to the number of years from Incarnation (Nativity) to The Resurrection of The Lord.

Alternatively:

33 = Age of Christ as He enters His Passion (Holy Week).

Adding to this the values of the days of Holy Week:

* 33 + [Holy Friday : 6] = Crucifixion : 39.
39 corresponds to the number of lashes received by Paul by the Jews for confessing Christ.

* 33 + [Holy Saturday : 7] = 40
* 33 + [Resurrection Sunday : 8] = 41